Did Spaniards already speak spanish when the moors invaded?

In 711 , when the Berber and Arab moors invaded , did the Spaniards already speak Spanish or did they speak any other language like Latin ?

4 Comments

  1. Yes, but also Vulgar Latin.

    The Spanish language originated in the southwest region of Europe known as the Iberian Peninsula. Sometime before the end of the 6th century BC, the region’s first inhabitants, the Iberians, began to mingle with the Celts, a nomadic people from central Europe. The two groups formed a people called the Celtiberians, speaking a form of Celtic. The Carthaginians, who spoke the Punic dialect of the Phoenician language, invaded the peninsula around 237 bc, bringing new words to the peninsula. The cities of Carthage and Rome were bitter enemies, and the strong Carthaginian presence on the Iberian Peninsula helped spark the Second Punic War between the two powers. In 206 BC the Romans captured the Carthaginian capital of Gadir. Having driven out the Carthaginians, the Romans began to subdue native groups of the region, and by 19 BC they had completed their conquest of the entire peninsula.

    Under Roman rule the region became known as Hispania, and its inhabitants learned Latin from Roman traders, settlers, administrators, and soldiers. When the classical Latin of the educated Roman classes mixed with the pre-Roman languages of the Iberians, Celts, and Carthaginians, a language called Vulgar Latin appeared. It followed the basic models of Latin but borrowed and added words from the other languages.

    The Visigoths, Germanic tribes of eastern Europe, invaded Hispania in the AD 400s, but Latin remained the official language of government and culture until about AD 719, when Arabic-speaking Islamic groups from Northern Africa called Moors completed their conquest of the region. Arabic and a related dialect called Mozarabic came to be widely spoken in Islamic Spain except in a few remote Christian kingdoms in the north such as Asturias, where Vulgar Latin survived.

    The Christian kingdoms gradually reconquered Spain over the centuries, and the retaking of the country proved to be linguistic as well as political, military, and religious. As the Christians moved south, starting in the 11th century, their Vulgar Latin dialects became dominant. In particular, Castilian, a dialect that originated on the northern central plains, was carried into southern and eastern regions.

    Castilian borrowed many words from Mozarabic, and modern Spanish has an estimated 4,000 words with Arabic roots. These words include military and naval terms, such as arsenal (arsenal) and almirante (admiral); words having to do with sociopolitical administration, such as alcalde (mayor) and alguacil (constable); and commercial words, such as almacén (warehouse) and almoneda (auction). Other borrowed vocabulary includes terminology for professions or skills, such as alfarero (potter); words for domestic furnishings, such as alfombra (carpet); and vocabulary for science and drugs, such as álgebra (algebra) and alcohol (alcohol).

    LesterM
  2. NO.

    The common language of the people was still Vulgar Latin. There were probably some remnants of Gothic spoken by the ruling class and as a liturgical language – at the time of the Moorish invasion, most of what is now Spain was a Visigothic kingdom with a Visigoth ruling class and Hispano-Roman general population.

    The Moors invaded in 711. The earliest date possible for anything that could be called Spanish (Castilian, actually) is the 9th Century. The earliest known written document in what might be called Castilian as opposed to Latin is from the 10th Century. See Glossas Emilianenses for more on that.
    The Moors were there for at least a century before anything that could be called Spanish. The first Spanish grammar was written in 1492 – just as the last of the Moors were expelled from europe.

    dollhaus
  3. They spoke Latin

    After the moors conquered Spain, the christians split into small regions in the northern mountains and the latin language would evolve differently in the different regions, creating new languages:
    Galician, Asturian, Castilian, Aragonese and Catalan. Galician would later evolve into Portuguese.

    Since Castile would become the largest and widest populated area and the monarchs of the future reunited Spain would be castilian, foreigners started using the word "Spanish" instead of "Castilian" for the most commonly used language among spaniards. But that’s like in the 1600s

    Bertuccio

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